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Zagreb statistics

Zagreb

Investing into mobility and the City’s infrastructure

Development of transport system has been falling behind the growing needs of the city mobility. Within the overall investment system, special attention is being given to mobility requirements of persons with special needs.

  • an important investment: extension of Radnička road in eastern part of the City is almost finished, connecting the city with the already completed new bridge (Domovinski most) across Sava, and, through the road ring, with regional motorways;
  • in cooperation with the scientific community of Zagreb feasibility studies for building a tunnel through Medvednica, (to position Zagreb in the centre of gravity of the region), for a Light rail system, for two new bridges across Sava and for the northern belt road on the slopes of Medvednica, have been conducted;
  • Croatian railways already having an important role in the City’s public transportation system, will become even more important for the City of Zagreb;
  • together with Croatian Government the City of Zagreb will enter the project of reconstructing the Zagreb Airport;

 

ZAGREB joins IMPACTS

For some years IMPACTS has been attempting to extend its coverage into Central and Eastern Europe to embrace the enlargement of the EU. At the General Assembly in Vienna members unanimously took the opportunity to welcome the City of Zagreb as a member for 2006 with immediate effect.
Not only did the city join the association it also offered to host a conference in 2008. Slavko Dakic was therefore elected onto the new Executive Committee as Vice-President.

URBAN EXPANSION AND URBAN INFRASTRUCTURE

The spatial and demographic explosion in Zagreb that first happened after the end of World War 2, and then again in the early nineties, resulted in massive demands for housing throughout the city’s 220 sq km area.

After World War II the city expands towards the southern banks of Sava river, with construction of the Zagreb International Fair, large new housing projects as well as the new airport, but without providing for adequate mobility. A new bridge across the river on the central axis was constructed only in the sixties, and was followed by two other bridges in the seventies’ and eighties’. Tram lines connecting this largest housing concentration in Zagreb have only been in place since 1979. The urban infrastructure, and especially traffic infrastructure remains insufficient and pose a significant challenge to the city.

The second housing expansion predominantly took place on former industrial, ¨brownfield¨, areas, in the vicinity of the historic core. From the point of view of urban planning this development was a logical step, but everything happened too suddenly. Because the spatial explosion was not followed by adequate investment in urban infrastructure and especially in transport infrastructure, new housing as the sole land use remarkably increased demand for mobility.

MAIN MOBILITY PROBLEMS

Since expansion of Zagreb is limited by the mountain Medvednica to the north, and by the aquifer area on its south, large numbers of Zagreb citizens moved out from the city into the surrounding metropolitan area (approximately 70 autonomous urban and suburban settlements), with jobs remaining within the city. This resulted in an increased demand for mobility.

Urban planning not only did not stop this trend. The main document directing urban development, Zagreb's City Master Plan adopted in 2003 facilitated this trend, which aggravated the problem. Large shopping areas on the city's outskirts operating throughout the day, also increased use of personal vehicles due to a lack of alternative means of transportation.

The existing railway system that inhibits merging of areas north and south of the track was the dominant problem in the field of urban development as early as the beginning of the 20th Century. Problems concerning mobility within the city have also increased because of a:

  • remarkable growth in the number of vehicles in the last 15 years; and
  • a lack of adequate public transportation.

Traffic studies that were conducted by 1999 emphasized the need for systematic construction of the street network and improvement of the city's public transportation (tram, bus, and railways as part of the public transportation in both the city and in the region). These studies recommended a new system of light rail for the main routes where demand for mobility and for improved quality were greatest.

NEW TRAFFIC INFRASTRUCTURE TO SOLVE MOBILITY PROBLEMS

The city tries to cope with these problems in systematic collaboration with the scientific community, notably with Zagreb University. Studies which will determine details of these projects and their respective relations, are either being conducted, or are already completed.

The first project, whose purpose is to really put Zagreb into the centre of its region and connect the area north of Medvednica with the city itself, is construction of the 5,5 km long tunnel through Medvednica. This study has already been completed.
The second project is directly linked to the first one and investigates completion of the northern side of the City Road Ring, which will connect existing major traffic routes with the tunnel through Medvednica on its north, and with existing and new bridges across the river on its southern side.

The third project is a study for a Light Rail System as part of the public transportation system (within the City and linking the city with its surroundings), connected with existing railway system, as well as with new lines which will in part (within the historic centre) be underground.

The fourth project concerns elevating railway tracks leading through the city centre by some 5 - 7 m, which will permit integration on ground level of areas north and south of tracks within the city centre, and construction of approximately 900.000 sq metres of new commercial surface and parking / garage area.
The fifth project concerns an extensive reconstruction and modernization of Zagreb Airport. Along the existing runway construction of a new passenger terminal on NE, with appropriate infrastructure - hotel, parking garage and business complex are being planned. The airport will be connected with the city through a new highway, as well as with a rail connection.

FINANCING OF PROJECTS

Since the city will not be able to finance all the necessary infrastructure from its budget alone, it is actively seeking external partners or investors.



 

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